JOINT INSTITUTE FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH
The Joint Institute for Nuclear
Research (JINR) is an international intergovernmental
scientific research organization established through the Convention signed on 26 March
1956 by eleven founding States and registered with the United Nations on 1 February 1957.
It is located in Dubna, near Moscow,
The Institute was established with the aim of uniting the efforts, scientific and material potentials of its Member States for investigations of the fundamental properties of matter.
At present, JINR has 18 Member States: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bulgaria, Cuba, the Czech Republic, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Democratic Peopleĺs Republic of Korea, Moldova, Mongolia, Poland, Romania, the Russian Federation, the Slovak Republic, Ukraine, Uzbekistan and Vietnam.
As stated in its Charter, JINR is basing its activities on the principles of its openness for participation to all interested states, of their equal and mutually beneficial cooperation.
The main fields of JINRĺs activity are theoretical and experimental studies in particle physics, nuclear physics, and condensed matter physics. The research policy of JINR is determined by the Scientific Council which consists of eminent scientists from the Member States, CERN, France, Germany, Italy, and the USA.
There are 7 Laboratories at JINR, by the scope of scientific activities each being compatible with a large research institution. JINRĺs staff totals approx. 6000, including more than 1000 scientists, 2000 engineers and technicians.
Available at this Institute is a unique choice of experimental facilities. Apart from the still operational early machines - the 680 MeV Phasotron and the 10 GeV Synchrophasotron, they include: the newly commissioned Nuclotron, a superconducting synchrotron for nuclei and heavy ions up to 6 GeV/n intended for relativistic nuclear physics studies; the U400 and U400M cyclotrons used for experiments on the synthesis of heavy and exotic nuclei, on the studies of their properties and heavy-ion reaction mechanisms; the IBR-30 neutron booster and the IBR-2 reactor (mean power 2 MW, peak power 1500 MW) used for nuclear physics research with neutrons and condensed matter studies.
One of the main aspects of JINRĺs activity is its extensive international scientific and technical cooperation: it collaborates with nearly 700 research centres and universities worldwide. A bright example is the long-standing collaboration between JINR and CERN, which contributes to a range of theoretical and experimental work in high-energy physics. JINR is participating in the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) project, namely in the design and construction of elements for the ATLAS, CMS, ALICE detectors and LHC machine. On the basis of its High-Performance Computing Centre, JINR is taking part in the creation of the Russian regional distributed centre for LHC data processing which is planned to be integrated into the HEP EU-Grid project. In 1995 and in 2000, JINR hosted the international symposiums ôLHC Physics and Detectorsö which gathered together in Dubna hundreds of scientists from CERN and JINR Member States. Since 1970 JINR and CERN have been conducting joint Schools of High-Energy Physics for young scientists, the most recent one having taken place in Portugal in August/September 2000.
Over more than four decades of JINRĺs existence, a wide range of research has been conducted at this centre and numerous specialists of the highest qualification have been trained for the Member States. About 500 research papers and reports representing approx. 3000 authors are submitted every year by JINR to editorial boards of journals in many countries and to organizing committees of conferences. JINR publications are sent to over 50 countries.
JINR accounts for a half (about 40) of the total number of discoveries in particle and nuclear physics, registered in the former Soviet Union. As a recognition of the achievements of JINRĺs staff of researchers, in 1997 the International Committee of Pure and Applied Chemistry awarded the name ôDubniumö to element 105 of the Periodic Table.
In light of the recent breakthroughs, the Superheavy Elements Programme of JINR deserves special mentioning. On the eve of 1999, scientists of JINR, in collaboration with colleagues from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (USA), synthesized a new, long-lived superheavy element with atomic number 114. This discovery crowned 35 years of international research efforts in search of the ôstability islandö for superheavy nuclei. In July 2000, in a fusion reaction using unique curium-248 and calcium-48 targets, Dubna physicists observed the decay of a new atom of element 116.
An event of the utmost importance for JINR was the recent ratification by Russian Parliament of ôThe Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and JINR on the Location and Terms of Activity of JINR in the Russian Federationö. The corresponding Russian Federal Law on Ratification came into force on 6 January 2000. The Agreement confirms the international legal capacity of JINR and grants it privileges and immunities in compliance with established practice for international intergovernmental organizations. It also includes the obligations undertaken by Russia as a host country of JINR to contribute to the successful activity of this centre in the future.
The Joint Institute for Nuclear Research is evolving into the 21st century as a large multidisciplinary international scientific centre incorporating basic research in the domain of modern nuclear physics, development and application of high technologies, and university education in the relevant fields of knowledge.
Address: 141980 Dubna, Moscow Region, Russia.
Phone: (+7-09621) 65-059. Fax: (+7-09621) 65-891, 65-599.
E-mail: email@example.com WWW address: http://www.jinr.ru
For more information please contact:
Mr Boris Starchenko, JINR Scientific Information Service