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General  data  
Capital: Sofia - 1116 thousand people (1995).
Area: 110912 sq. km.
Population: 8240426 people.
Admin. division: 9 districts.
Language: Official language is Bulgarian, for the most
Bulgarian Russian is the second language.
Many people speak French,
English and German.
Currency: Bulgarian lev: 1 Bulgarian lev = 0.441501 USD.
Time: Time is -1hour from Moscow.
Large cities: Plovdiv 341 thousand the people (1992),
Varna - 308 thousand the people (1992), Burgas - 195 thousand the people (1992),
Ruse - 170 thousand the people (1992), Older - Zagora - 15 thousand the people (1992).
Geographical position:
  • Bulgaria is located in the Southeast Europe on Balkan Peninsula, it borders on Romania in the north, on Yugoslavia and Macedonia in the west, on Greece and Turkey in the south. It is separated from Russia and Ukraine by Black Sea in the east. The relief of Bulgaria is remarkable for big variety. There are vast plains, hilly areas and valleys, mountain chains and massifs here. The best known of them are Balkan Mountains (Stara Planina), Rhodope, Rila and Pirin. The mountains with rocky tops and mountainsides covered with forest occupy almost third of the territory. The meadows are covered with flowers in summer and with sparkling snow in winter.

State system:
  • According to the Constitution of 1991 National Republic Bulgaria is republic with parliamentary administration. Its official name is National Republic Bulgaria. The head of the state is the president. The permanent supreme legislature is one-chamber National Assembly.

  • Bulgaria has the continental climate. As a whole it is cooler, than in other places of Europe at the same geographical latitude. For example, there are no subtropics in Bulgaria in contrast to the Black Sea coast of Krasnodar Territory. In Sofia the average temperature in January is 4 C - 2 C, in July is 16 C - 27 C. In Varna the average temperature in January is 1 C- 6 C and in July is 19 C - 30 C.


  • Bulgaria is the country of roses, it is traditionally known for the beautiful Black Sea coast, existing for 13 centuries in the middle of the Southeast Europe. The resort complexes of Bulgaria with beautiful romantic names - Gold sand, Sun coast, Albena, Dyuni - meet the requirements of modern tourism. The Bulgarian resorts are isolated from the city turmoil and from the tense of daily life in large cities, however all of them are located not far from interesting tourist objects that gives opportunities to arrange the excursions and the cognitive tourism.

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