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Joint Institute
for Nuclear Research

 

 The aim of the Institute

 JINR Member States

 JINR Agreements

 Governing Bodies

 Scientific Council

 Programme Advisory Committees

 Structure of JINR

 JINR Directorate

 Fields of the Institute's
 research

 Facilities of the Institute
 for experimental
 investigations

 New Basic Facilities

 Networking, Information and Computing Infrastructure

 International Cooperation

 Training and Education
 Programme

 Conclusion

 

 

 

 

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JOINT INSTITUTE FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH
     The Joint  Institute  for  Nuclear  Research  (JINR)  is  an
international intergovernmental  organization  located  in  Dubna,
not far from Moscow, was established  within the framework of the
Convention  signed  by  the  Plenipotentiaries of the governments
of the Member States in March 1956 in Moscow.

     The  Joint  Institute  was  created  in  order  to unify the
intellectual  and  material  potential  of Member States to study
the fundamental properties of matter.

     The  JINR  Charter  was  adopted  in  1956 , the new edition
of the Charter was readopted in 1992.

     In  accordance  with  the  Charter, the Institute's activity
is  realized  on  the  basis of its openness, mutually beneficial
and   equal   cooperation   for   all   interested   parties   to
participate in research.


     The aim of the Institute is 

to  carry  out  theoretical  and  experimental  investigations on
adopted scientific topics;

to   organize   the   exchange  of  scientists  in  carrying  out
research,  of  ideas  and  information  by  publishing scientific
papers, by organizing conferences, symposia etc;

to  promote  the  development  of  intellectual  and professional
capabilities of scientific personnel;

to  maintain  contacts  with  other  national  and  international
scientific  organizations  and  institutions to ensure the stable
and mutually beneficial cooperation;

to  use  the  results  of  investigations of applied character to
provide   supplementary   financial   sources   for   fundamental
research  by  implementing  them  into  industrial,  medical  and
technological developments.


     The   results   of   investigations   carried   out  at  the
Institute  can  be  used  solely  for  peaceful  purposes for the
benefit of mankind.

     JINR    is    now   a   large   multi-branch   international
scientific   centre  with  activities  incorporating  fundamental
research   of   the   structure   of   matter,   development  and
application  of  high  technologies,  and university education in
the relevant fields.

     The  participation  at  the  Institute  can  be  realized in
different  forms:  on  the  basis  of  membership,  bilateral and
multilateral    agreements   to   perform   separate   scientific
programs.  JINR  Member  States  contribute  financially  to  the
Institute's activity and have equal rights in its management.


     JINR has at present 18 Member States:

      Armenia                    Moldova
      Azerbaijan                 Mongolia
      Belarus                    Poland
      Bulgaria                   Romania
      Cuba                       Russian  Federation
      Czech Republic             Slovak Republic
      Georgia                    Ukraine
      Kazakhstan                 Uzbekistan
      D.P.Republic of Korea      Vietnam


     JINR has special agreements concluded with:

Germany   in   the   field  of  theoretical  physics,  heavy  ion
physics and condensed matter physics, high energy physics;

Hungary in the field of condensed matter physics.

Italy in the field of nuclear physics.

    Scientific Partners of JINR

  JINR has bilateral agreements with international organizations:

UNESCO     United  Nations  Educational,  Scientific and Cultural
           Organization,
CERN       European Organisation for Nuclear Research,
CLAF       Latin-American Centre for Physics,
ICTP       International Centre for Theoretical Physics.

   JINR  has  bilateral agreements,  protocols and other documents
concluded with 712 institutions in 57 countries, including:

IHEP (Protvino),  Russian Research Centre  "Kurchatov Institute",
ITEP, INP (Moscow),  INP (St.Petersburg),  BINP (Novosibirsk) and
other research centres in Russia;

BNL, LLNL, FNAL and other research centres in USA;

IN2P3 (France) in the field of nuclear and particle physics;

C.E.A. (France) in the field of radionuclide metrology;




     Governing Bodies

     The   Committee  of  Plenipotentiary  Representatives  (CPR)
of  the  governments  of  the  Member  States is the supreme body
governing the Institute.

     The   Scientific   Council  and  Finance  Committee  realize
their  activities  annually  under  control  of  the Committee of
Plenipotentiaries pursuant to the adopted Regulations.

     In  line  with  the  new principles of the JINR Charter, the
membership  of  the Scientific Council was renewed in March 1999.
It consists now of:

 - 18 appointed members from the Member States;

 - 25  members  elected  by  CPR: eminent and well-known scientists
 Member States, CERN, CLAF, Germany, France, Italy, USA;

 - director of JINR.


     The Scientific Council:

a)  evaluates  the  results  of  the scientific activities of the
Institute,

b)  draws  conclusions  on  the  plans  of scientific research of
the  Institute,  submitted  by its Director and on the reports on
execution of such plans,

c)  makes   an  expert   examination  of  the  proposals  of  the
Director  on  the  development  of  new  scientific  programs and
projects,

d)  works   out   recommendations  o n  the  improvement  of  the
scientific activities of the Institute,

e)  defines  its  own  rules  and procedures and submits them for
approval to the Committee of Plenipotentiaries,

f)  sends  its  decisions  and  recommendations on the considered
issues to the Chairman of the Committee of Plenipotentiaries,

g)  the  Scientific  Council  holds  its  sessions  at  least two
times a year.


     Programme Advisory Committees

  The Programme Advisory Committees (PACs) are advisory bodies of
the  JINR  Directorate  and  to the  JINR  Scientific Council  in
specific fields of research. 

     The PACs:

 - consider proposals  for experimental projects of JINR, at JINR
facilities   as  well  as   at  facilities   of  other   research
laboratories;
 - review the progress of on-going projects;
 - review projects  for the development and upgrading of the JINR
facilities.

The JINR Scientific Council established PACs for:

 Particle Physics;
 Nuclear Physics;
 Condensed Matter Physics.


     The   structure   of   JINR   is  determined  by  scientific
specialization. JINR has 7 Laboratories and 2 Divisions:

   BLTP  -  Bogoliubov Laboratory of Theoretical  Physics,

   LHE   -  Laboratory of High Energies,

   LPP   -  Laboratory  of  Particle Physics,

   DLNP   -  Dzhelepov Laboratory of Nuclear Problems,

   FLNR  -  Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions,

   FLNP  -  Frank Laboratory of Neutron Physics,

   LIT  -  Laboratory of Information Technologies,

   DRRR  -  Division of Radiation and Radiobiological Research,

   UC    -  University Centre.

     Besides,   a   number   of  associate  Experimental  Physics
workshops are also parts of the Institute.

     The   total   number   of  JINR  Personnel  is  about  4000.
Approximately  1100  scientists  work  at  the  Institute,  among
them 10 Academicians and 8 Corresponding Members.

     The  budget  of  JINR  adopted  for 1999 by the Committee of
Plenipotentiaries is $37,5 million.

     The    permanent    administrative    body   is   the   JINR
Directorate    responsible    for    all   research,   financial,
administrative  and  social  activities on the basis of the CPR's
decisions  and  recommendations,  existing agreements and adopted
responsibilities.


     Members of the JINR DIRECTORATE:

V.G. Kadyshevsky  - Director;

A.N. Sissakian    - Vice-Director;

Ts. Vylov         - Vice-Director;

V.M. Zhabitsky    - Chief Scientific Secretary;

I.N. Meshkov      - Chief-Engineer;

A.T. Filippov     - Director of BLTP;

A.I. Malakhov     - Director of LHE;

V.D. Kekelidze    - Director of LPP;

N.A. Russakovich  - Director of DLNP;

M.G. Itkis        - Director of FLNR;

A.V. Belushkin    - Director of FLNP;

I.V. Puzynin      - Director of LIT.


     The main fields of the Institute's research are:

- theoretical physics,

- elementary particle physics,

- relativistic nuclear physics,

- heavy ion physics;

- low and intermediate energy physics;

- nuclear physics with neutrons;

- condensed matter physics;

- radiation biology and radiobiological research;

- networking, computing and computational physics;

- educational programme.


     The    principal    facilities    of   the   Institute   for
experimental investigations are:

- nuclotron;

- U-200, U-400 and U-400M heavy ions cyclotrons;

- IBR-2 and IBR-30 pulse neutron sources;

- synchrophasotron;

- phasotron;

- computer centre.

     IBR-2  is  a  reactor  with  the  average power of 2 MW. The
pulse  power  is  1500  MW,  pulse  duration is 215 microseconds,
the  frequency  of  pulse  repetition  is  5  per  second,  pulse
density of the neutron flux is 1016n/cm2/s.

     IBR-30   is   a  pulsed  neutron  booster  with  the  linear
resonance   electron  accelerator  LUE-40  as  an  injector.  The
average  power  of 10 kW, pulse duration is 4.2 microseconds, the
frequency  is  100  per  second,  the  average  intensity  is 3.6
1014n/s.

     U-200  is  an  isochronous  cyclotron  to  accelerate  heavy
ions.  It  is  designed  to accelerate nuclei with (A/Z)=2.8-5 up
to 145Z2/A MeV with the beam intensity 108 - 109 ion/s.

     U-400  is  a  heavy  ion isochronous cyclotron. The range of
accelerated  nuclei  is (A/Z)=4-20, energy is 650 Z2/A MeV, beam
intensity is 1012 - 1014 ion/s.

     U-400  is  an  isochronous  cyclotron  to  accelerate heavy
ions.  It  is  designed  to operate in the cyclotron U-400+U-400M
complex  and  allows  to  accelerate  ions  from  hydrogen  up to
uranium  in  the  range  of  energy  120  -  20  MeV  per nucleon
correspondingly  with  the  average  beam  intensity of 4 1013 -
1011 ion/s.

     Synchrophasotron  is  an  accelerator  of  10 GeV protons as
well  as  of  nuclei  heavier  than  hydrogen  such as deuterium,
lithium,  carbon,  fluorine  and  magnesium  accelerated  in  the
broad  energy  spectrum  from  100  MeV  to  4  GeV  per nucleon.
Average   densities  of  beams  have  104  ion/cm2/s  to  1011
ion/cm2/s   depending   on  the  atomic  number  of  accelerated
nuclei   and  experimental  requirements.  Polarized  proton  and
deutron beams are foreseen.

     Nuclotron  is  a  new  super conducting accelerator. It will
permit  to  perform  a  wide  program of research in relativistic
nuclear   physics.  The  injection  complex  is  being  developed
consisting  of  a  buster,  linac  and  ion sources. This complex
will  allow  one  to  accelerate  nuclei from hydrogen to uranium
with  the  intensity  from  1013 to 108 particles per pulse and
the  energy  of  6-7 GeV per nucleon. Polarized deutron beams are
foreseen.

     Phasotron  is  an  accelerator  of  680 MeV protons. 10 beam
channels  are  available  at this machine which are used to carry
out  experiments  with  pions,  muons,  neutrons  and  protons. 5
beam    channels    are    designed    to   carry   out   medical
investigations.  The  intensity  of  the extracted proton beam is
2 mkA.


     NEW BASIC FACILITIES

     New  basic  facilities  to  carry out investigations able to
compete  in  future  with  other  first class accelerator centers
are under consideration.

     IREN   project
     IREN  is  the  project  of  the  Intense  Resonance  Neutron
Source  aimed  to  the  creation  of the high flux pulsed neutron
source  to  carry  out  investigations  with  resonance neutrons.
The  facility  will  comprise a modern 150 MeV electron linac and
a    sub    critical   uranium   booster   having   the   neutron
multiplication coefficient of 14.


     Networking, Information and Computing Infrastructure
     In view  of  its wide  scope  of research,  as well  as the
world-wide  collaboration,  JINR is  intensively  developing its
networking,  information  and  computing  centre.  JINR's  High-
Performance  Computer  Centre  and   powerful  net  of  servers,
workstations  and  PC - farms   allow   carrying  out  numerical
simulations  of complicated multifactor problems  of nuclear and
particle  physics,  creating  modern computational tools for data
processing  and  data  analysis.  All computer units in JINR are
integrated  into  the local  internal net and the world computer
nets.



     INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION  

     BROAD   INTERNATIONAL   COOPERATION   is  one  of  the  most
important   principles   of   the   JINR   activity.  Almost  all
investigations  are  carried  out  in  a close collaboration with
JINR    Member    States'   scientific   centers   as   well   as
international  and  national  institutions  and  laboratories  in
the world.

     JINR  scientists  are  carrying  out experiments at the IHEP
70  GeV  proton  synchrotron  (Serpukhov, Russia) with the use of
such set-ups as  HYPERON, Excharm, Neutrino Detector, and others.

     A   fruitful   scientific  cooperation  is  under  way  with
CERN,  especially  in  the  last  few years, as well as with many
physics    laboratories   in   USA,   France,   Germany,   Italy,
Switzerland  and  other  countries. Dubna specialists participate
in  the  experiments  performed at the CERN and USA accelerators:
LEP,  SPS,  and  Tevatron. New detectors for LHC (CERN) are being
designing.


     JINR's ADVANCED TRAINING AND EDUCATION PROGRAMME

     JINR   gradually   changes  now  from  a  purely  scientific
research   institution   to   an   international   centre,  where
fundamental  science,  engineering  and  applied  researches  are
closely connected with training.

     Structurally,   it   takes  the  form  of  a  new  satellite
"students"   laboratory.   Its   prototype   is   the   currently
operating  University Centre (UC).  This new training function of
JINR  is  supposed  to  be  oriented to international demand. The
teaching is in Russian and in English, and the curricula  will be
properly   adapted   to   most   common  education  systems.  The
Institute's  Laboratories  will be a good basis for the students'
initial  research.  It  is expedient to have student exchange for
practical work abroad, especially for CIS students.

     International  University  "DUBNA".

     On  the  initiative  of the JINR Directorate and with active
support of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, Moscow Region
and  Dubna  administrations, an international university "Nature,
Society,  Man"  was  established  in  Dubna,  the first  students
entering it in 1994.

     The  JINR  University  Centre  

The  University Centre of JINR offers  training programmes in the
following disciplines:

elementary  particle  physics,

physics of high energy particle interaction,

physics  of  the  atomic nucleus,

nuclear methods in condensed matter physics and
high-temperature superconductivity,

radiobiology,

accelerator physics.


     The  graduates  of  the  University Centre  presented  their
diploma   papers   in  January-February.  There  were  about  100
students in the spring and autumn semester.

     Students  have  access  to the laboratories  of JINR and can
work  with the scientists  and staff of the Institute, as well as
to study under professors who are eminent in their field. 
     The full-time educational programme of the University Centre
is  two years  long,  though it is possible to admit students for
shorter  periods such as the one  or two-month intense courses on
some selected topic. The working language for foreign students is
English. 
     Post-graduate  students are also admitted to attend lectures
on  selected  topics  and take part in scientific research at the
JINR Laboratories.  There is  an intent to further develop the UC
as an international university  for natural sciences. As a unique
educational centre,  it combines the strength and experience of a
world-renown scientific  community with those of respected Moscow
universities.  This successful  combination would be enhanced  by
addition  of  a respected  European  or  American  University  to
further develop the UC, bringing the balance between the arts and
humanities on one side and the sciences on the other. With such a
consortium,  the potentialities  for  joint  studies  and  dialog
between science and humanities, as well as between peoples of the
former  Soviet  Union,  Europe,  and  America,  are  endless.  In
addition, the UC is envisioned as a centre for training personnel
for  the physics  institutes of the former Soviet Union republics
and for wider JINR international collaboration. 

     CONCLUSION

     JINR is a bridge between East and West.

     JINR  occupies  practically  the  same intellectual space as
was before the decay of the socialist system in Europe.

     JINR  continues  to  be  an  active  international  research
centre of world importance.

     JINR does bring nations together!



©  Joint Institute for Nuclear Research. Dubna, 1997 - 2001 ( Last update 30.11.2001 )
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