
Part 1  up 
Arbuzov A.B., Bytev V.V., Kuraev E.A., TomasiGustafsson E., Bystritskiy Yu.M. Exact Results in QED (eng, 755 Kb) This review is devoted to exact calculations of cross sections of QED processes in relativistic approach. We consider the case when the velocity of final heavy particles is not particularly close to the speed of light. Especially, the cases of muon radiative pair creation are considered. In the framework of QED with pion form factor, we estimate the pion radiative pair creation. All leading terms are included in the framework of structure function approach. The annihilation of electronpositron to the hadronic final state with one additional tagged photon is considered. The radiative corrections are calculated, and the numerical estimation is made. Target spin asymmetry and charge asymmetry are investigated for escattering processes. Initialstate radiation (returning to resonance) mechanism is investigated including radiative corrections to initial and final states. Possible method of experimental extraction of the ratio of electric and magnetic form factors of a proton is suggested for different processes in leptonproton scattering. Some useful algebraic relations and integrals are~presented. 

Arbuzov A.B., Bytev V.V., Kuraev E.A., TomasiGustafsson E., Bystritskiy Yu.M. Processes with HeavyIon Collisions (eng, 483 Kb) Some Coulomb effects in heavyion collisions are considered. Among them are the process of muon and leptonpair creation, Coulomb and unitary corrections, statistics of multiple pair production. Effects of multiple photon exchange in process of lepton pair production by linearly polarized photon on nuclei are considered. This process is used for measuring the polarization of initial photon. Relativistic muon energy loss due to the light lepton pair production in the Coulomb field are calculated. Also we consider the effects of multiple photon exchange in elastic lepton scattering on unscreened atomic field and discuss the possible experimental testing. 

Arbuzov A.B., Bytev V.V., Kuraev E.A., TomasiGustafsson E., Bystritskiy Yu.M. Some QED Processes: LightbyLight and Mller Scattering (eng, 272 Kb) Some Coulomb effects in heavyion collisions are considered. Among them are the process of muon and leptonpair creation, Coulomb and unitary corrections, statistics of multiple pair production. Effects of multiple photon exchange in process of lepton pair production by linearly polarized photon on nuclei are considered. This process is used for measuring the polarization of initial photon. Relativistic muon energy loss due to the light lepton pair production in the Coulomb field are calculated. Also we consider the effects of multiple photon exchange in elastic lepton scattering on unscreened atomic field and discuss the possible experimental testing. 

Chizhov M.V. Theory and Phenomenology of Spin1 Chiral Particles (rus, 2.173 Mb) We consider all finite representations of the Lorentz group and their association with spin properties of the particles. It is shown that for given nontrivial spin there exist several nonequivalent representations differing by chirality, which in a massless case correspond to different particles with different helicities. Spin1 case, which includes standard field description by the vectorpotential and nonstandard one by the second rank antisymmetric tensor field, is considered in detail. The first field transforms under real representation (1/2,1/2), while the second field transforms under chiral representations (1,0) and (0,1). On an example of spin1 hadron resonances it is shown that these two fields describe two different types of particles existing in Nature. The given idea is used further for the Standard Model extention by the new type of spin1 chiral particles. Its phenomenological consequences are studied in detail. 

Synopsis (rus, 49 Kb) 

Part 2  up 
Balin D.V., Ganzha V.A., Kozlov S.M., Maev E.M., Petrov G.E.,
Soroka M.A., Schapkin G.N., Semenchuk G.G., Trofimov V.A., Vasiliev A.A.,
Vorobyov A.A., Voropaev N.I., Petitjean C., Gartner B.,
Lauss B., Marton J., Zmeskal J., Case T., Crowe K.M., Kammel P.,
Hartmann F.J., Faifman M.P. High Precision Study of Muon Catalyzed Fusion in D_{2} and HD Gases (eng, 2.995 Mb) Muon catalyzed dd fusion in D_{2} and HD gases in the temperature range from 28 to 350 K was investigated in a series of experiments based on a timeprojection ionization chamber operating with pure hydrogen. The final analysis of the data together with a comprehensive comparison with calculations based on recent CF theory are presented in this work. All main characteristics of the chain of accompanying reactions including the resonant and nonresonant dd formation rates, the rate for hyperfine transitions in d atoms, the branching ratio of the two charge symmetric fusion channels ^{3}He + n and t + p and the muon sticking probability were extracted from data measured with high absolute precision. The obtained energy _{11}(fit) = 1.9651(7)eV of the loosely bound dd molecule state responsible for the high rate of resonant molecule formation is in impressive agreement with the latest theoretical results _{11}(theory) = 1.9646 eV. 

Pshenichnov I.A. Electromagnetic Excitation and Fragmentation of Ultrarelativistic Nuclei (rus, 1.379 Mb) Electromagnetic interactions of highenergy nuclei in ultraperipheral collisions are investigated. Such collisions, which take place without any overlap of nuclear densities, can be considered as irradiation of nuclei by intense photon beams with a wide energy spectrum. This leads to several unusual phenomena, namely mutual electromagnetic excitation of nuclei including exotic double and triple excitations of giant resonances, as well as multifragmentation of nuclei. The RELDIS model is presented, which describes fragmentation of nuclei and meson production by equivalent photons. It is shown that RHIC and LHC colliders provide unique possibilities to study electromagnetic interactions of ultrarelativitic nuclei. Cross sections calculated by the RELDIS model are used as input for the method to monitor LHC luminosity and in simulating interactions of beam nuclei with LHC construction elements. 

Dubovichenko S.B., Uzikov Yu.N. Astrophysical SFactors of Reactions with Light Atomic Nuclei (rus, 2.238 Mb) Twocluster model constitutes a phenomenological semimicroscopic approach to study manynucleon systems. Within this model, interaction of the nucleon clusters is described by local potential determined by fit to the scattering data and properties of bound states of these clusters. Manybody character of the problem is taken into account under some approximation, in terms of the twocluster bound states generated by this interaction potential and separated according to the Pauli principle into allowed or forbidden states of the full system of the nucleons. An important feature of the approach is accounting for a dependence of interaction potential between clusters on the orbital Young scheme, which determines the permutation symmetry of the nucleon system. Photonuclear processes in the p^{2}H, p^{3}H, p^{6}Li, p^{12}C, as well as ^{4}He^{12}C, ^{3}He^{4}He, ^{3}H^{4}He, ^{2}H^{4}He systems and corresponding astrophysical Sfactors are analyzed in this review on the basis of this approach. It is shown that the approach allows one to describe quite reasonably experimental data available at low energies, especially for systems with number of nucleons A > 4 for the cases in which the phase shifts of clustercluster scattering are extracted from the data with minimal errors. 

Kiselev M.A. Methods for Investigation of Lipid Nanostructures at Neutron and Synchrotron Sources (rus, 2.316 Mb) Lipid membrane is a major component of the biological membrane. Phospholipids and ceramides are basic components of drugs and cosmetics in the modern bionanotechnologies. Phospholipids nanoparticles are used as drug carriers. Development of bionanotechnolgó in Russia is urgency and requires the development of diagnostic methods for nanoparticles, which are prospective for pharmacology application. Radiations with a wavelength of 110 are appropriate instrument for examination of the bilayer and monolayer of lipids. Review of methods of application of the neutron and synchrotron radiations is presented for the case of nanostructure investigation of the lipid bilayer, phospholipid nanoparticles, phospholipid monolayer on the water substrate via methods of diffraction, smallangle scattering, and reflectometry. The importance of complementary application of neutron and synchrotron radiation is demonstrated as the specific study of phospholipid membranes and membranes based on the ceramides for the decision of hot topics in the membrane biophysics, microbiology, dermapharmacology, and bionanotechnology. The efficiency of development and application of new methods for the decision of separate problems of current importance in biophysics is demonstrated. The review presents the main results obtained from 1999 to 2010 in Frank Laboratory of Neutron Physics, JINR in the collaboration with Pharmaceutical Faculties of ParisSud University (Chatenay Malabry, France) and Martin Luther University (Halle, Germany). 

Frontasyeva M.V. Neutron Activation Analysis in the Life Sciences (rus, 2.185 Mb) The development of instrumental neutron activation analysis and its application in the Life Sciences are reviewed. A special emphasis is made on the epithermal activation with reactor neutrons (ENAA), and the advantages of this method for the analysis of the environmental samples are demonstrated. A review of investigations in Life Sciences carried out by means of ENAA at the world's leading nuclear centers is given. Experience in applying activation analysis with epithermal neutrons to environmental studies using analytical complex at the reactor IBR2 of FLNP, JINR, is summarized. 

Synopsis (rus, 69 Kb) 

Part 3  up 
Dineykhan M., Zhaugasheva S.A. Determination of the Mass Spectrum of a Bound State in the Framework of Relativistic Hamiltonian Approach (rus, 0.585 Mb) We propose one of the versions of calculation of the energy spectrum of bound state systems with relativistic corrections. In the framework of quantum field theory the expression that takes into account relativistic corrections to the mass of the bound state with a known nonrelativistic pair interaction potential is proposed on the basis of calculating the asymptotic behaviour of correlation functions of the corresponding field currents with the necessary quantum numbers. Excluding the time variables allows one to determine nonperturbative corrections to the interaction potential. In the framework of the given approach the following results are obtained. The nonperturbative corrections arising due to the relativistic nature of a system to the interaction Hamiltonian are determined. The dependence of the constituent mass, of boundstate forming particles, on the free state mass and on the orbital and radial quantum numbers is analytically derived. The energy level shift of muonic hydrogen taking into account relativistic corrections is calculated. The energy spectrum of wide class of potentials, which describe the Coulomb bound state, is analytically derived with relativistic corrections. The mass spectrum of the glueballs and the constituent masses of the gluons are analytically calculated taking into account spinorbit, spinspin and tensor interactions. Our numerical results have shown very good agreement with the lattice data. Taking into account nonperturbative and nonlocality characters of interactions, the mass spectrum of the mesons consisting of the lightlight and lightheavy quarks with orbital and radial excitations is determined. Our results show that good agreement with the experimental data for the slope and the intercept of the Regge trajectory can be obtained only taking into account the nonperturbative and the nonlocal characters of interactions. Dependence of the constituent masses of constituent particles on the masses of a free state is certain. When quarks are light, the difference of current and valent masses of quarks is greater than valent masses of quarks, and when quarks are heavy the difference of these masses is insignificant. One of the alternative variants of the accounting of nonlocality is suggested for the definition of properties of hadrons at large distances. The dependence of the constituent masses of constituent particles on the radius of confinement is determined. 

Khvedelidze A.M. Hamiltonian Reduction of SU(2) Gluodynamics (rus, 0.576 Mb) The Hamiltonian reduction of YangMills theory with the structure group SU(2) to a nonlocal model of selfinteracting 3 3 positive semidefinite matrix field is presented. Analysis of the field's transformation properties under the Poincare group action is given. It is shown that in the limit of a strong coupling the classical dynamics of the reduced system can be described within the local theory of interacting nonrelativistic spin0 and spin2 fields. A perturbation theory in powers of the inverse coupling constant g^{2/3}, which allows one to calculate corrections to the leading longwave approximation, is suggested. 

Batusov V.Yu., Lyablin M.V., Topilin N.D. The Development and Application of HardwareSoftware for the Controlled Assembly of ATLAS Hadron Tile Calorimeter (rus, 2.153 Mb) The article contains developed by the authors hardwaresoftware complex and geometry control methods of the main constituent elements and final assembly of the hadron tile calorimeter. The developed complex was used at all stages of the calorimeter creation and allowed one to reach highdesign precision when creating the world largest research ATLAS spectrometer. 

Yukalov V.I. Basics of BoseEinstein Condensation (eng, 0.635 Mb) The review is devoted to the elucidation of the basic problems arising in the theoretical investigation of systems with BoseEinstein condensate. Understanding these challenging problems is necessary for the correct description of Bosecondensed systems. The principal problems considered in the review are as follows: (i) What is the relation between BoseEinstein condensation and global gauge symmetry breaking? (ii) How to resolve the HohenbergMartin dilemma of conserving versus gapless theories? (iii) How to describe Bosecondensed systems in strong spatially random potentials? (iv) Whether thermodynamically anomalous fluctuations in Bose systems are admissible? (v) How to create nongroundstate condensates? Detailed answers to these questions are given in the review. As examples of nonequilibrium condensates, three cases are described: coherent modes, turbulent superfluids, and heterophase fluids. 

Synopsis (rus, 60 Kb) 

Part 4  up 
Proceedings of the IV International Pontecorvo Neutrino Physics School (Alushta, Crimea, Ukraine, September 26  October 6, 2010)  
Preface (eng, 24 Kb) 

Bilenky S.M. On the Theory of Neutrino Mixing and Oscillations (eng, 0.296 Mb) 

Wojcicki S.G. Accelerator Neutrino Physics  Current Status and Future Prospects (eng, 4.507 Mb) 

Poutissou J.M. Status of the T2K Experiment (eng, 0.398 Mb) 

Gornushkin Yu.A. Search for _{} _{} Oscillations in Appearance Mode in the OPERA Experiment (eng, 1.088 Mb) 

Chen M.C. Solar Neutrino Experiments: Status and Prospects (eng, 0.321 Mb) 

Grimus W. Theory of Neutrino Masses and Mixing (eng, 0.310 Mb) 

GonzalezGarcia M.C. Neutrinos: Determination of Masses and Mixing (eng, 0.774 Mb) 

Thmmler T. (for the KATRIN Collaboration) Direct Neutrino Mass Measurements (eng, 0.693 Mb) 

imkovic F. Neutrinoless DoubleBeta Decay and Related Topics (eng, 1.509 Mb) 

Barabash A.S. DoubleBeta Decay Experiments (eng, 3.815 Mb) 

Pastor S. Light Neutrinos in Cosmology (eng, 0.618 Mb) 

Fornengo N. Dark Matter: Theory (eng, 1.012 Mb) 

Rau W. Dark Matter Search Experiments (eng, 0.536 Mb) 

Potzel W. Mossbauer Antineutrinos: Recoilless Resonant Emission and Absorption of Electron Antineutrinos (eng, 0.221 Mb) 

Mezzetto M. Future Neutrino Long Baseline Experiments (eng, 0.955 Mb) 

Bolshakova A. (for the HARDCDP Group) There Any «LSND Anomaly»? (eng, 0.955 Mb) 

Part 5  up 
Popov Yu.V., Zaytsev S.A., Vinitsky S.I. JMatrix Method of Calculations of ThreeBody Coulomb Wave Functions and Cross Sections of Physical Processes (rus, 0.625 Mb) The review is devoted to widely known method of a numerical solution of the threebody Coulomb problem, namely the Jmatrix method. The special attention is focused on the ways of solution of the integral LippmannSchwinger equation without attraction of pseudostates. There are revealed difficulties connected with a formulation of the integral equation in the spherical coordinates, which lead to a divergence of its integral part if one calculates the wave function with two asymptotically free electrons. The relation between exact and approximate solutions remains unclear, when the matrix of a residual potential is restricted to a finite number of basis functions, and this number goes up. It is shown that, in principle, these problems can be avoided by reformulating them in the parabolic coordinates. 

Borisov G.I. Theoretical and Experimental Physical Methods of Neutron Capture Therapy (rus, 28.100 Mb) The framework of this review is formed mainly by our priority IR8 NRC «Kurchatov Institute» reactor  based research and development. New NCT theoretical and experimental methods are developed and practically applied.  General analytic and semiempirical NCT theory based on classical neutron physics: elementary deceleration theory, diffusion, reflection and absorption of neutrons, and not on mathematical simulation. The theory is intended first of all for practical implementation by physicists, engineers, biologists and physicians. This theory could be completely mastered basing on practically general higher education.  Methods of phantom experimental research for semiempirical NCT theory on intermediate neutrons.  Experimental measuring and control methods of spectral composition of therapeutic, research and analytical neutron beams.  Experimental methods of remote neutron dosimeter of biological objects with intentionally modified tissue elementary composition.  Methods of mass examinations of pharmacokinetics of biological efficiency of novel doseforming preparations.  Methods of therapeutic, research and analytical neutron beams tailoring.  Methods of capillary neutron optics applications for NCT and other fundamental and applied neutron research. 

Zobov M. (on behalf of DAÔNE, SuperB and SuperCTau Accelerator Teams) New Generation ElectronPositron Factories (eng, 3.364 Mb) In 2010 we celebrated 50 years since commissioning of the first particlestorage ring ADA in Frascati (Italy) that also became the first electronpositron collider in 1964. After that date, the particle colliders have increased their intensity, luminosity, and energy by several orders of magnitude. Namely, because of the high stored beam currents and high rate of useful physics events (luminosity) the modern electronpositron colliders are called «factories». However, the fundamental physics has required luminosities by 12 orders of magnitude higher with respect to those presently achieved. This task can be accomplished by designing a new generation of factories exploiting the potential of a new collision scheme based on the Crab Waist (CW) collision concept recently proposed and successfully tested in Frascati. In this paper we discuss the performance and limitations of the present generation electronpositron factories and give a brief overview of new ideas and collision schemes proposed for further collider luminosity increase. In more detail, we describe the CW collision concept and the results of the crab waist collision tests in DANE, the Italian factory. Finally, we briefly describe most advanced projects of the nextgeneration factories based on the CW concept: SuperB in Italy, SuperKEKB in Japan, and SuperCTau in Russia. 

Boya L.J., Rivera C. On the Masses of Elementary Particles (eng, 0.233 Mb) We make an attempt to describe the spectrum of masses of elementary particles, as it comes out empirically in six distinct scales. We argue for some rather welldefined mass scales, like the electron mass; we elaborate on the assumption that there is a minimum mass associated to any electric charge. Another natural mass scale is = _{QCD} coming arbitrarily at quantizing a classically conformal SU(3)_{c} theory. Indeed, some scales of masses will cover also masses of composite particles or mass differences. We extend some plausible arguments for other scales, as binding or selfenergy effects of the microscopic forces, plus some speculative uses, here and there, of gravitation. We also consider briefly exotics like supersymmetry and extra dimensions in relation to the mass scale problem, including some mathematical arguments (e.g., triality), which might throw light on the threegeneration problem. We also address briefly the issues of dark matter and dark energy. The paper is rather tentative and speculative and does not make many predictions, but it aims to explain some features of the particle spectrum. 

Tsyganov Yu.S. The Dubna GasFilled Recoil Separator: Program Products and Algorithms (rus, 11.225 Mb) The Dubna GasFilled Recoil Separator recent experiments performed at FLNR (JINR) confirmed the hypothesis of superheavy element island of stability existence. Success of those experiments was achieved due to the sum of techniques related with the accelerator and beam diagnostics, as well as the detection ones. Namely, with the separator detection system which can operate using the «active correlations» technique it has become possible to detect rare decays of superheavy nuclei in the background free mode. On the other hand, this detection procedure was successful due to specific algorithms and program products application in the longterm experiments with ^{48}Ca projectiles. 

Synopsis (rus, 64 Kb) 

Part 6  up 
Ibraeva E.T., Zhusupov M.A., Imambekov O., Sakhyev S.K. Investigation of a Structure of Light NonStable Nuclei and Mechanism of Proton Elastic Scattering (rus, 7.286 Mb) The review provides calculations of elastic p^{6}Íå, p^{8}Li, p^{9}Li, and p^{9}Ñ scattering within Glauber's theory of multiple diffraction scattering at intermediate energies of 70 and 700 MeV/nucleon. Noticeable feature of the calculations is that we have utilized realistic threebody wave functions obtained within modern nuclear models. There has been established the relation between differential crosssections and intercluster potentials where wave functions of the nuclei were calculated. Conclusions on the types of potentials with the most realistic description of the whole range of experimental data are made. The method for calculation of threebody wave functions in nn, tn, ^{7}Bepp, t2n in ^{7}Linn models is described and intercluster potentials and various configurations of quantum numbers are discussed. It is shown how the choice of intercluster potentials influences wave functions and electromagnetic characteristics of nuclei calculated with such wave functions. Within Glauber's approach with three particle wave functions, our derivation of matrix elements (amplitudes) of pA scattering is presented on example of ^{6}Íå nucleus. Discussion on differential sections and analyzing power (A_{y} describes how the calculated characteristics are dependent on wave function structure and on dynamics of the process determined by Glauber's multiple scattering operator. Comparison of calculated differential sections and analyzing power with available experimental data and calculations by other authors has been performed for various formalisms making us possible to verify our conclusions. 

Rodionov V.N., Kravtsova G.A. The Energy Level Shifts, Wave Functions and the Probability Current Distributions for the Bound Scalar and Spinor Particles Moving in a Uniform Magnetic Field (eng, 0.475 Mb) We discuss the equations for the bound oneactive electron states based on the analytic solutions of the Schrdinger and Pauli equations for a uniform magnetic field and a single attractive (r) potential. We show that the magnetic field indeed plays a stabilizing role in considered systems in the case of the weak intensity, but the opposite occurs in the case of strong intensity. These properties may be important for real quantum mechanical fermionic systems in two and three dimensions. In addition, we obtained that including the spin in the framework of the nonrelativistic approach allows correctly taking the effect of the magnetic field on the electric current into account. 

Kondratiev V.P., Feofilov G.A. Strange Particles Production in Relativistic HeavyIon Collisions (rus, 5.128 Mb) This review mainly covers data on the strange particle production in Pb+Pb collisions obtained in heavy ion experiments at CERN SPS. K, , and yields are considered as well as their rapidity and transverse mass distributions depending on the centrality of Pb+Pb collisions at SPS energies. Experimental results are compared with the predictions of the statistical model of nuclear fireball and the microscopic partonstring model. We discuss in detail the experimentally observed effect of strangeness enhancement in nucleusnucleus collisions compared to the nucleonnuclear interactions and its interpretation within the various theoretical models. We analyze also the behavior of hyperon yields and nuclear modification factors from SPS to RHIC energies. 

Izosimov I.N., Kalinnikov V.G., Solnyshkin A.A. Fine Structure of the Strength Functions for the BetaDecay of Atomic Nuclei (rus, 2.063 Mb) The decay strength function S_{}(E) is a distribution of the modules squared of the decaytype matrix elements in nuclear excitation energies E. The S_{}(E) defines the characteristics of decay, spectra of radiation accompanying the decay, and probabilities of delayed processes following the decay. Until recently total absorption spectrometers and total absorption rays spectroscopy (TAGS) having low energy resolution were used for experimental studies of the S_{}(E) structure. Development of experimental technique allows application of methods of nuclear spectroscopy with high energy resolution for studying S_{}(E) fine structure. The most thorough study was performed for a series of nuclei produced on a YASNAPP2 complex in Dubna. In this review the S_{}(E) fine structure research in spherical and deformed nuclei was analyzed. The use of modern methods of nuclear spectroscopy allowed us to detect splitting of peaks in S_{}(E) for the GamowTeller (GT) transitions in deformed nuclei. This splitting can be associated with anisotropy of oscillation of the isovector nuclear density component. The resonance nature of S_{}(E) for the firstforbidden transitions (FF transitions) for both spherical and deformed nuclei was proved experimentally. It was shown that at some values of excitation energy in nuclei the intensities of FF transitions can be comparable with those of GT transitions. Criteria for testing the completeness nuclear decay schemes were considered. The S_{}(E) obtained by the TAGS method and those obtained with the use of highresolution spectroscopy were compared. 

Boreyko A.V., Krasavin E.A. Mutagenic Effect of Accelerated Heavy Ions on Bacterial Cells (rus, 1.049 Mb) With the use of heavyion accelerators of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, regularities and mechanisms of the formation of mutations of different types in prokaryote cells were studied. Induction of direct mutations (lac^{}, tonB^{}, and colB) in Escherichia coli cells and reverse his^{} His^{+} mutations in Salmonella typhimurium and Bacillus subtilis cells under radiations in a wide range of linear energy transfer (LET) was investigated. A comparative study was performed of the regularities in the formation of gene and structural (tonB trp^{}) mutations in Escherichia coli bacteria under the effect of accelerated heavy ions. It is shown that the dose dependences of gene mutation formation under gamma quanta and accelerated heavy ions are described by linear quadratic functions. Linear doseeffect dependences are typical of structural mutations. The quadratic character of mutagenesis curves is caused by the interaction of two mutually independent «hitting» events in the course of the SOS repair of genetic structure damage. A conclusion is made that under accelerated heavy ions, gene mutations are induced in the deltaelectron region of charged particle tracks. With the SOS chromotest, SOS lux test, and lambda prophage induction, regularities in cell SOS response under radiations in a wide LET range were studied. A thesis is substantiated that clustered singlestrand DNA breaks are the molecular basis of the gene mutations, and DNA doublestrand breaks are the molecular basis of structural mutations. It is found that the LET dependence of the relative biological effectiveness of accelerated ions is described by curves with a local maximum. It is shown that the biological effectiveness of ionizing radiations with different physical characteristics for cells with different genotypes, evaluated by the lethal effect, gene and deletion mutation induction, and the precise excision of transposons, is determined by the specifics of radiation energy transfer, which influence the character of the induced DNA damage, and by the efficiency of inducible and constitutive systems of cell repair. An increase in the relative biological effectiveness of heavy charged particles is determined by an increase in the yield of DNA damage participating in the formation of the radiationinduced effects and by the growth of the efficiency of the inducible repair systems. It is established that the LET value (L_{max}), at which the maximal values of the RBE coefficients are observed against the used irradiation criteria, varies depending on the character of the detected radiationinduced effect. It is shown that for the gene mutations and induction of the precise excision of the mobile elements, the L_{max} values are found at about 20 keV/m. For the lethal effects of irradiation and deletion mutation induction, the L_{max} values are about 50 and 100 keV/m, respectively. The differences in the L_{max} location for the studied radiation genetic effects are determined by different types of DNA lesions involved in the mutation process. A molecular model of gene mutations in Escherichia coli cells under ionizing radiations is proposed. Within the framework of the model, the basic types of DNA damage and the main ways of their repair are examined. The model is based on the idea that the mutagenic branch of SOS repair, which is errorprone, plays the decisive role in fixing the premutation DNA lesions as point mutations. It is shown that the central mechanism of this process consists in the formation of an inducible multienzyme complex, which includes (UmuD'_{2}C) DNA polymerase V, RecA protease, SSB proteins, and a DNA polymerase III subunit. The complex performs erroneous DNA synthesis on the damaged matrix. Based on the molecular model, a mathematical model of gene mutation induction under ultraviolet irradiation of cells was developed. 

Synopsis (rus, 80 Kb) 

Author index (rus)  
Subject index (rus) 